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2019山东考研英语模拟试题及答案:完型填空篇(七)

2018-11-03 20:46:25|

数学 | 政治 | 英语专硕

Alcohol use is the number one drug problem among young people. It's easy to understand why. For adults, alcohol is legal, widely 1 in American culture and easily. 2 . Many kids can get a drink right in their own homes. 3 are drinking younger and more frequently than 4 , often beginning around age 13, according to studies. The average number of alcoholic drinks among college students is five on a single 5 , according to a recent survey. Among those younger 21, it is 5.5 drinks, and among 6 21 and older, it is 4.2 drinks.

Young people almost always begin drinking because of 7 .pressure, in an attempt to be accepted and 8 in the group. According to the U.S. Surgeon General, more than half of junior and senior high school students drink alcoholic 9 . More than 40 percent of those who drink admit to drinking when upset, 31 percent admit to drinking 10 , 25 percent admit to drinking when 11 and 25 percent admit to drinking to get" 12 ."

This is a 13 , serious problem 14 college campuses today. In 1997 Harvard University's School of Public Health surveyed students at 130 colleges for a college 15 study and found about two of every five college students 16 in binge drinking. 17 binge drinkers at college were 22 times more 18 than non-binge drinkers to have problems, 19 missed classes, falling behind in school work, getting in trouble or hurt and engaging in 20 sexual activity.

1.[A] received[B] accepted[C] acknowledged[D] admitted

2.[A] accountable[B] achievable[C] accessible[D] agreeable

3.[A] Teenagers[B] Grown-ups[C] Children[D] Adults

4.[A]predominantly[B] preferentially[C] previously[D] precisely

5.[A] occasion[B] event[C] situation[D] gathering

6.[A] these[B] those[C] which[D] whom

7.[A] pear[B] peel[C] peer[D] pool

8.[A] improved[B] included[C] inspired[D] instructed

9.[A] beers[B] whiskies[C] beverages[D] wines

10.[A] alone[B] along[C] aloud[D] aloof

11.[A] bored[B] boring[C] excited[D] exciting

12.[A] low[B] high[C] cool[D] warm

13.[A] dead[B] death[C] deadening[D] deadly

14.[A] of[B] in[C] on[D] about

15.[A] alcohol[B] alcoholic[C] alcoholism[D] alcoholization

16.[A] endeavor[B] engage[C] insist[D] practise

17.[A] Consequent[B] Subsequent[C] Incident[D] Frequent

18.[A] possible[B] lively [C] likely[D] feasible

19.[A] known as[B] remembered as[C] much as[D] such as

20.[A] unperceived[B] unplaced[C] unplanned[D] undiscovered

参考答案

1.【答案】B

【解析】receive是“收到,得到,对(建议、想法或消息)作出反应,回应”,received作为形容词,意思是“被普遍接受的,公认的”,但它只能用在名词前,accept是“(认为正确而加以)接受”,acknowledge是“承认,报偿”,admit是“承认,赞同”。根据词义,这里选B,这句话的意思是:“对成人来说,喝酒是合法的,在美国文化里被广泛接受。”

2.【答案】C

【解析】accountable是“负有责任的,应作解释的,可解释的”,achievable是“可完成的,做得成的”,accessible是“可(或易)使用的,可(或易)得到的”,agreeable是“令人愉快的,惬意的”。如果这道题在选择时有一定难度,看看后面那句话就知道该怎么选了。后面那句话说:“很多孩子在自己的家里就能拿到酒。”也就是说,酒是很容易得到的,所以这里选C。

3.【答案】A

【解析】teenager是“(13―19岁的)青少年”,grown-up是“成年人”,children是“小孩,儿童”,adult是“成年人”。根据上下文,这里填“成年人”显然不合适,A、C两个选项中,A更加合适,因为这句话后面提到了aroundagel3,而13岁正好是teenagers的起始年龄。

4.【答案】C

【解析】predominantly是“占主导地位地,占优势地,普遍地”,preferentially是“优先地,优待地”,previously是“先前,以前”,precisely是“精确地,精密地,严格地”。根据句子的意思,这里应该选previously,这是就目前的情况和以前做比较,所以答案是C。

5.【答案】A

【解析】occasion是“时刻,场合,重大(或特殊)活动,盛会”,event是“发生的事情,事件,大事,社交场合”,situation是“情况,处境,形势,局面”,gathering是“集会,聚会”,空格前的介词是on,只有occasion能与其搭配,因此答案是A。

6.【答案】B

【解析】which和whom是关系代词,引导定语从句,前面要有先行词,而空格前没有先行词,所以首先排除,作为指示代词,these和those在用法上的区别是those后面可以加上who引导的定语从句,修饰those,意思是“…的人们”,但these没有这种用法,所以选B,among those 21andolder其实是“amongthosewhoare21andolder”的省略形式。

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