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2019山东考研英语基础阶段完型填空练习(2)

2018-11-28 22:58:06|

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数学 | 政治 | 英语专硕

Section II Use of English

Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

Health implies more than physical fitness. It also implies mental and emotional well-being. An angry, frustrated, emotionally 21 person in good physical condition is not 22 healthy. Mental health, therefore, has much to do 23 how a person copes with the world as s/he exists. Many of the factors that 24 physical health also affect mental and emotional well-being.

Having a good self-image means that people have positive 25 pictures and good, positive feelings about themselves, about what they are capable 26 , and about the roles they play. People with good self-images like themselves, and they are 27 like others. Having a good self-image is based 28 a realistic, as well as positive, or optimistic 29 of one’s own worth and value and capabilities.

Stress is an unavoidable, necessary, and potentially healthful 30 of our society. People of all ages 31 stress. Children begin to 32 stress during prenatal development and during childbirth. Examples of stress-inducing 33 in the life of a young person are death of a pet, pressure to 34 academically, the divorce of parents, or joining a new youth group. The different ways in which individuals 35 to stress may bring healthful or unhealthy results. One person experiencing a great deal of stress may function exceptionally well 36 another may be unable to function at all. If stressful situations are continually encountered, the individual’s physical, social, and mental health are eventually affected.

Satisfying social relations are vital to 37 mental and emotional health. It is believed that in order to 38 , develop, and maintain effective and fulfilling social relationships people must 39 the ability to know and trust each other, understand each other, influence, and help each other. They must also be capable of 40 conflicts in a constructive way.

21. [A] unstable [B] unsure [C] imprecise [D] impractical

22. [A] normally [B] generally [C] virtually [D] necessarily

23. [A] on [B] at [C] to [D] with

24. [A] signify [B] influence [C] predict [D] mark

25. [A] intellectual [B] sensual [C] spiritual [D] mental

26. [A] to be doing [B] with doing [C] to do [D] of doing

27. [A] able better to [B] able to better [C] better to able [D] better able to

28. [A] on [B] from [C] at [D] about

29. [A] assessment [B] decision [C] determination [D] assistance

30. [A] ideality [B] realization [C] realism [D] reality

31. [A] occur [B] engage [C] confront [D] encounter

32. [A] tolerate [B] sustain [C] experience [D] undertake

33. [A] evidence [B] accidents [C] adventures [D] events

34. [A] acquire [B] achieve [C] obtain [D] fulfill

35. [A] respond [B] return [C] retort [D] reply

36. [A] why [B] when [C] while [D] where

37. [A] sound [B] all-round [C] entire [D] whole

38. [A] illuminate [B] enunciate [C] enumerate [D] initiate

39. [A] access [B] assess [C] process [D] possess

40. [A] resolving [B] saluting [C] dissolving [D] solving

Section II Use of English 答案及解析

21. A

An angry, frustrated, emotionally unstable person in good physical condition is not necessarily healthy.一个易怒的,情绪沮丧的,感情不稳定但是体格很好的人,未必是健康的。

[A] unstable adj. (情绪)不稳定的;

[B] unsure adj. 没有自信的,不肯定的,不确定的;

[C] imprecise adj. 不严密的,不精确的;

[D] impractical adj. 不切实际的;

22. D

要表达“并不一定”、“未必”的意思,通常用not necessarily或not definitely。

23. D

Mental health, therefore, has much to do with how a person copes with the world as it exists.因此,精神健康,和一个人在生活中如何处理身边的事情,有很大的关系。

have…(nothing, little, much, a lot) to do with…:和……(没)有(很大的)关系。

24. B

Many of the factors that influence physical health also affect mental and emotional well-being. 很多影响体格健康的因素,同时也影响精神和感情的健康。

[B] influence影响。例:My teacher influenced my decision to study science. 我的老师对我学理科的决定起了影响作用。influence也可做名词,用法如下:(常与on连用)影响力;感化力。例:My teacher’s influence made me study science at college. 由于我老师的影响,我上大学学了理科。Some women have bad influence upon their husbands. 有些妇女对其丈夫有坏影响。上下文中also一词提示填空处需要affect的近义词。

[A] signify①表示;象征;意味。②用动作表示……意思。例:He signified his content with a nod. 他以点头表示同意。③有关系;有重要性。

[C] predict v. 预知,预言,预报。

[D] mark vt. 做标记于,打分数,标志。由also或affect一词可以轻易解此题。

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